The Investigation Of The Effect Of Social Class Control Over Time And The Use Of Urban Parks

Atılgan A.

International Conference on Sustainable Cities and Urban Landscapes (ICSULA 2022), Konya, Turkey, 26 - 27 October 2022, pp.306-313

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Konya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.306-313
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes



Urban parks have been one of the most important building blocks of the city throughout the historical process. In the nineteenth century, landscape architects and park advocates played a major role in the design transformation of parks. City parks were spaces for public political and social debate, and they were supposed to be places where different social classes could come together and express different ideas. Park advocates also believed that urban parks could help people's physical and mental development. For this reason, they enlisted the support of landscape architects to convince city governments of the need for detailed design of urban parks. There were class divisions and disagreements in the use of parks between the working class, the middle class and the elite. The increasing debates and tensions due to these class distinctions had an impact on the design process of the parks, and this study examines the periods of design processes caused by class differences. In summary, the influence and roles of different social classes in the design process of urban parks and how urban parks have changed and transformed over different historical periods have been revealed. In addition, the process of forming park users and usage behaviors has been examined. Keywords: open space; recreation activities, urban parks; Social positionality; urban management