The effect of spoilers on flow around tandem circular cylinders


Ocean Engineering, vol.272, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 272
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2023.113637
  • Journal Name: Ocean Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, Computer & Applied Sciences, Environment Index, ICONDA Bibliographic, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Tandem cylinders, Spoiler, Vortex shedding, Force fluctuations
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


Examining the flow characteristics around the cylindrical elements, such as offshore (submarine) pipelines which can be used in single or multiple arrangements, has a prominent place in fluid mechanics. The use of spoilers for self-embedding of these structures has been a subject that researchers have studied for many years. In this study, (a) the flow around a cylinder without and with a spoiler and (b) the effect of adding spoiler(s) to the tandem cylinders on the flow was experimentally investigated. In these experiments, where the ratio of the distance between the cylinders to the cylinder diameter is 2, the Reynolds number is 14000, which remains in the subcritical region. Four experiments were performed: the smoke-wire method was used for flow visualization, aerodynamic force measurement, velocity measurement by hot-wire anemometer, and pressure measurement to determine the pressure distribution on the cylinders. Pressure, velocity, and force results were recorded with the time histories in this study for the first time. Experimental studies show that when a spoiler is added to a single cylinder, an opposing lift force acts on that and the drag force increases due to the enlargement of the low-pressure region at the wake of the cylinder. In a tandem situation, when the upstream cylinder has a spoiler, no drag force acts on the downstream cylinder. The forces exerted on the upstream cylinder are not affected by whether the downstream cylinder has a spoiler. In the case of the downstream cylinder with the spoiler, the fluctuations in the aerodynamic forces of the upstream cylinder decrease owing to the downstream cylinder with the spoiler. The force fluctuations are more in the downstream cylinder, and unlike other tandem and single-cylinder cases, the vortex shedding becomes complex.