Identification of non-proportional structural damping using experimental modal analysis data

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JOURNAL OF MEASUREMENTS IN ENGINEERING, vol.8, no.1, pp.34-45, 2020 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.21595/jme.2020.21259
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.34-45
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


A verified computational model of a complex structure is crucial for reliable vibro-acoustic simulations. Mass and stiffness matrices of such a computational model may be constructed correctly, provided all the design information is available. Since it is an unknown, the damping matrix is usually populated through mathematical models based on some assumptions. In the current study, it is proposed to use the identified non-proportional structural damping matrix in the computational model. Structural damping matrix can be identified using the complex frequency response functions obtained from experimental modal analysis data. No matter what type of a damping mechanism a structure has; proportional or non-proportional, the frequency response functions of the system can be measured. First, the calculation procedure for the non-proportional structural damping matrix is explained. The damping matrix of an analytical model is identified successfully using the proposed procedure. The same procedure is then applied through a case study. Computational model of a test vehicle is constructed. Next, the test vehicle is subjected to a modal test to measure the frequency response functions of the structure. Incompleteness of the measured data and the requirements of the procedure are discussed, as well. The described procedure can be used in any model updating framework.