Conservation of 20th Century Architecture: Case Study of Sümerbank Kayseri Textile Factory Employees‟ Club

Baz İ., Semiz H. N.

13th Annual International Conference on Architecture, Athens, Greece, 3 - 06 July 2023, pp.24-25

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Athens
  • Country: Greece
  • Page Numbers: pp.24-25
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


Within the scope of the industrial plan prepared after the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in the first quarter of the twentieth century, the textile sector has been one of the priority areas. For this purpose, it was decided to establish new factories for the cotton weaving industry and the first of these to build in Kayseri. The project of the factory complex, known as the Sumerbank Kayseri Textile Factory, was prepared by Russian architect Ivan Nikolaev and was realized with the financial support of the Soviet Union. The foundations of the factory were laid in 1934 and opened to service on September 16, 1935. Kayseri Textile Factory, which was an important textile production center until the end of the twentieth century, also had an important place in the social and economic development of the city. The factory was closed in 1999 and then allocated to Erciyes University in 2001. Most of the factory buildings have become dilapidated over time as they are not used. In 2003, the factory complex was registered as an urban historical site by the Kayseri Cultural and Natural Heritage Conservation Board. The factory complex was allocated to Abdullah Gül University to be used for academic and educational purposes in 2012. The factory complex, which covers an area of approximately 90 hectares, consists of the factory building where the production takes place, its units and storage buildings, as well as administrative buildings, worker residences, social facilities for the use of employees. Since 2012, a re-use project has been prepared as a university campus, and some of its buildings have been restored and transformed according to the needs of the campus. The Employees‘ Club building, which is the subject of this study, is an important part of the social facilities of the factory. It consisted of a main space, which was organized for the social activities of the factory employees, and other places connected to it, a dining hall, and a kitchen. The architectural configuration of the single storey building, which was designed as reinforced concrete structure, is plain and clear. The structure has undergone some interventions over time. The clubhouse, which was not used after it was abandoned in 1999, has been abandoned until today. In addition, the structure undergoing a fire is facing serious damage and problems. In this study, the current state of the building was documented, and the materials and construction techniques were examined. Damages and structural problems of the reinforced concrete structure were analyzed. In addition, the original state of the building has been revealed by considering the interventions that the building has undergone over time. Consequently, suggestions were developed for the comprehensive repair and reuse of the structure. The revitalization of the Employees‘ Club, one of the special buildings of the factory campus, which is an important example of the twentieth century architecture of Kayseri, as a social facility in line with the needs of the AGU campus, will be an important step towards the conservation of the building.