Sensing Magnetic Field with Single-Spin Dynamical Probe State: Control over Sensing Precision via Quantum Fisher Information

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Borisenok S.

European Journal of Science and Technology, vol.48, pp.29-33, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.31590/ejosat.1249710
  • Journal Name: European Journal of Science and Technology
  • Journal Indexes: Other Indexes
  • Page Numbers: pp.29-33
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


Quantum sensors play an important role in many branches of modern science, and they occupy a huge segment of the growing market for quantum devices. Quantum sensors use qubits and their analogs as detecting and analyzing quantum elements. Some sensors can be based on a single qubit, which is often presented as a system making its evolution on the so-called Bloch sphere. Different criteria are used to evaluate the efficiency of the sensing process. One of the most popular is the Quantum Fisher Information Matrix (QFIM) based on Fisher information. The magnitudes of the QFIM elements are strongly related to the precision of the sensing. As an analog of the classical Cramér theorem, one can define the quantum Cramér-Rao bound for the variance V, which is equal to V = 1/NF where F is the corresponding quantum Fisher information element, and N stands for the number of repeated sensory measurements. In this work, we develop our quantum Fisher information-based approach for a single feedback-driven qubit-type element for sensing external magnetic fields. We demonstrate the efficiency of our algorithm and discuss its further possible improvement. The approach developed here can be easily extended to other sensing schemes: collective spin systems and multi-qubit-based sensors. Alternative control algorithms can be applied to drive the probe state vector for maximization of the QFIM components. The particular choice of the control algorithm is defined by the specific experimental set-up.