Control over Amplification in Exciton Polariton Condensate

Borisenok S.

European Journal of Science and Technology, vol.39, pp.80-84, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.31590/ejosat.1140766
  • Journal Name: European Journal of Science and Technology
  • Page Numbers: pp.80-84
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


Exciton polariton condensates are the most well studied case of Bose Einstein condensation (BEC) of quasiparticles. Together with their prominent fundamental importance, the exciton polariton condensates have a wide spectrum of engineering applications covering interferometry and metrology, different types of SQUIDs and accelerometers, and forming a universal gate set for quantum computing via the control with external laser pulses. The efficient experimental manipulation with the polariton BEC can be realized via the bosonic final state stimulation, matter wave amplification, or by lasing of polaritons, but a satisfactory theoretical model for such control has not been developed yet. Here we study the polariton matter wave amplifier based on the stimulated scattering of massive particles. The amplification of the injected quasiparticles is achieved through an elastic scattering of so called lower polaritons (LPs). Such an amplifier has many advantages compared with a standard lasing or using a photon amplifier: it can provide a sufficient gain coefficient. To develop an efficient control algorithm for the polariton amplifier we use here the dynamical model for the LP population proposed by Ciuti, Savona, et al. in 1998. The phenomenological model for the gain coefficient is based on the experiments with cold collisions of polaritons performed by Deng, Haug, and Yamamoto in 2010 and later. We use different feedback algorithms (speed gradient vs target attractor) to track efficiently the polariton population in the amplifier. We compare the pros and cons of our alternative approaches and discuss their possible engineering applications.