Employee Motivation: Human Resource Approach

Süklün H.


  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Rize
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.93-94
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


Abstract People choose organizations to work for a precise reason and some purpose in mind. Motivation is a vital tool for management, and it is the most difficult to manage. Finding effective ways to motivate employees is a challenging role for any manager in any organization. Because of the changing business and competitive environment employee motivation is becoming more challenging than before. From the employees' point of view, motivation is a psychological force that determines the direction of a person's level of effort as well as a person's persistence in the face of obstacles. The ways of a person's behavior would lead to the many possible actions that a person could seize. From the manager's viewpoint, the intention is to motivate people to behave in ways that are in the organization's best interest. If managers know what drives people to work for the organization, they can set job assignments and rewards to stimulate employees. Employee motivation is one of the dependent of job performance and a key for talent retention. Although many studies are conducted about employee motivation, only several studies refer to motivational differences between the public and private sectors. The private sector and the public sector are founded for different reasons and have distinct goals. Therefore this paper aims is to explore the current literature about differences in employee motivation in private and public organizations. This review has three purposes 1) To explore employee motivation and its relations to the organizational behavior 2) To examine extrinsic and intrinsic factors on employee motivation and differences between public and private sectors and 3) Unite the reviewed information into one paper which would help managers the in public sector to motivate employees. Keywords: Organizational behavior, HR, strategic management