A multi-functional quasi-single stage bi-directional charger topology for electric vehicles


Tekgün B., Tekgün D., Alan I.

AIN SHAMS ENGINEERING JOURNAL, vol.15, no.3, pp.1-9, 2024 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.asej.2023.102471
  • Journal Name: AIN SHAMS ENGINEERING JOURNAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-9
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this paper, a multi-functional quasi-single stage, bi-directional electric vehicle charger topology is proposed to realize high efficiency power conversion in all AC/DC, DC/DC, and DC/AC forms. The proposed circuitry includes a noninverting buck boost converter (NBB) and an H-bridge inverter. The NBB converter generates the desired output voltage waveform in the rectified form then the inverter unfolds the waveform to the AC waveform. The advantages of this circuit are the reduced losses due to the high frequency switching only occurring at the NBB converter and passive element sizes are smaller leading to reduced losses and cost. The proposed charger is designed for 2 kVA rating and simulated for all vehicle, grid, and another vehicle interaction modes. Then the circuit is experimentally tested and is validated that the proposed circuit can operate in all three modes at a wide range of loading and power factor conditions with over 92% efficiency.