Leaching of Turkish Oxidized Pb–Zn Flotation Tailings by Inorganic and Organic Acids

Kaya M., KURŞUNOĞLU S., Hussaini S., Gül E.

9th International Symposium on Lead and Zinc Processing, PbZn 2020, held in conjunction with the 149th Annual Meeting and Exhibition, TMS 2020, California, United States Of America, 23 - 27 February 2020, pp.447-468 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-030-37070-1_39
  • City: California
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.447-468
  • Keywords: Oxidized Pb-Zn flotation tails, Leaching, Inorganic acids, Organic acids, Zn extraction, ZINC, LEAD
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


An eco-friendly approach and simultaneous recovery of metals from mine tailings is still a significant challenge. This study investigates the extraction of zinc metal from the Kayseri region oxidized lead-zinc (Pb-Zn) flotation tailings by leaching using three different inorganic acids (HNO3, HCl, and H2SO4) and six different organic acids (citric (CA), oxalic (OA), formic (FA), ascorbic (AA), malic (MA), and tartaric (TA) acids). The effects of acid type and concentration, leaching temperature and time, and solid/liquid (S/L) ratio were studied for maximum Zn dissolution and minimum Pb, Fe, and As co-dissolution at lowest temperature and leaching time. For inorganic acids at 1/10 S/L ratio, 1.0MH(2)SO(4) and HCl concentrations achieved 92% Zn + 0% Pb + 12% Fe at 40 degrees C leaching temperature and 60 min leaching time and 92% Zn + 10% Pb + 0% Fe at 80 degrees C leaching temperature and 30 min leaching time, respectively. For organic acids, at 1/10 S/L ratio and 1.0M concentration, 92% Zn + 8.3% Pb with malic acid at 80 degrees C leaching temperature and 180 min leaching time and 91% Zn + 12% Pb with citric acid at 60 degrees C leaching temperature and 180 min leaching time were achieved. 1.0 M formic acid dissolved about 83% Zn + 2.8% Pb at 80 degrees C and 180 min leaching time. More than 90% Zn dissolution can be succeeded by using either inorganic acids at 40 degrees C for 30-60 min leaching time or organic acids at 60-80 degrees C for 180 min leaching time. Oxalic acid significantly dissolved Fe and As without Zn and Pb dissolution.