Beam-centric Handover Decision in Dense 5G-mmWave Networks

Kose A. , Foh C. H. , Lee H., Dianati M.

31st Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (IEEE PIMRC), ELECTR NETWORK, 31 August - 03 September 2020 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/pimrc48278.2020.9217360
  • Keywords: Beam Handover, mmWave Networks, 5G, MANAGEMENT


In the 5G network, dense deployment and millimetre wave (mmWave) are some of the key approaches to boost network capacity. Dense deployment of mmWave small cells using narrow directional beams will escalate the cell and beam related handovers for high mobility of vehicles, which may in turn limits the performance gain promised by 5G-mmWave based vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication. One of the research issues in mmWave handover is to minimise the handover needs by identifying long lasting connections. In this paper, we first develop an analytical model to derive the vehicle sojourn time within a beam coverage. When multiple connections offered by nearby all mmWave small cells are available when upon a handover event, we further derive the longest sojourn time among all potential connections which represents the theoretical upper-bound limit of the sojourn time performance. We then design a Fuzzy Logic (FL) based distributed beam-centric handover decision algorithm to maximise vehicle sojourn time. Simulation experiments are conducted to validate our analytical model and show the performance advantage of our proposed FL-based solution when compared with commonly used approach of connecting to the strongest connection.