In Situ Synthesis of Horseradish Peroxidase Nanoflower@Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Nanobiocatalysts with Greatly Enhanced Catalytic Activity

Dadi Ş., Temur N., GÜL O. T., Yilmaz V., ÖÇSOY İ.

Langmuir, vol.39, no.13, pp.4819-4828, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 13
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.3c00260
  • Journal Name: Langmuir
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, EMBASE, INSPEC, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.4819-4828
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: No


Organic-inorganic hybrid nanoflowers (NFs) consisting of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and copper II (Cu2+) are successfully synthesized with the involvement of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by in situ and post-modification methods. Catalytic activities of in situ synthesized HRP-NF@CNT (HRP-NF@CNT-Is) and post-modification-synthesized HRP-NF@CNTs (HRP-NF@CNT-Pm) are systematically examined. The 30 mg CNTs incorporated HRP-NF@CNT-Is (HRP-NF@CNT-30Is) exhibits greatly increased catalytic activity and stability toward 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), thanks to the synergistic effect between HRP-NF and CNTs and the peroxidase-like activity of CNTs in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). While HRP-NF@CNT-30Is retains almost 85% of its initial activity even after 10 cycles, HRP-NF (without CNTs) loses half of its initial activity at the same experimental conditions. We study how two experimental parameters, the pH values and temperatures, influence the catalytic activity of HRP-NF@CNT-30Is, in addition to the fact that HRP-NF@CNT-30Is is employed to detect the presence of H2O2 and glutathione (GSH) with colorimetric and spectrophotometric readouts. For instance, HRP-NF@CNT-30Is is used to sensitively detect H2O2 in the range of 20 to 300 μM with an LOD of 2.26 μM. The catalytic activity of HRP-NF@CNT-30Is is suppressed in the presence of GSH, and then an obvious color change from blue to nearly colorless is observed. Using this strategy, GSH is also sensitively determined in the range of 20-200 μM with an LOD of 11.2 μM. We expect that HRP-NF@CNTs can be used as a promising and novel nanobiocatalyst for various biomedical and industrial applications in the near future.