Race and energy poverty: Evidence from African-American households

Dogan E., Madaleno M., Inglesi-Lotz R., Taskin D.

ENERGY ECONOMICS, vol.108, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 108
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.eneco.2022.105908
  • Journal Name: ENERGY ECONOMICS
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, PASCAL, Periodicals Index Online, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, EconLit, Environment Index, INSPEC, PAIS International, Public Affairs Index
  • Keywords: Energy poverty, Race, African-Americans, Endogeneity, FUEL POVERTY, GENDER
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


Even though energy poverty has been widely discussed in many countries, only a few studies attempt to understand the nexus of race and energy poverty. To fill the gap in the literature, this study analyses the effect of race on energy poverty by employing the U.S. representative household panel data with 9043 complete surveys. This research addresses possible endogeneity issues by employing the novel method proposed by Oster (2019) as a robustness check in addition to the application of logistic regressions and ordinary least squares estimates. The empirical results show that the probability of exposure to poverty is higher for African-American households. The empirical outcome also presents that health and income are significant factors through which race influences energy poverty. This study suggests that subsidy programs would be beneficial in ensuring the breakage of the link between race and energy poverty by providing preferential discounted rates and easier access to energy to specific demographics of the population. At least ending with the housing segregation of African-Americans in the USA would be a way to surpass these difficulties and decrease energy poverty. Further discussions are presented in this study.