Experimental Verification of n=0 Structures for Visible Light


Vesseur E. J. R. , Coenen T., Caglayan H. , Engheta N., Polman A.

PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, cilt.110, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

Özet

We fabricate and characterize a metal-dielectric nanostructure with an effective refractive index n = 0 in the visible spectral range. Light is excited in the material at deep subwavelength resolution by a 30-keV electron beam. From the measured spatially and angle-resolved emission patterns, a vanishing phase advance, corresponding to an effective epsilon = 0 and n = 0, is directly observed at the cutoff frequency. The wavelength at which this condition is observed can be tuned over the entire visible or near-infrared spectral range by varying the waveguide width. This n = 0 plasmonic nanostructure may serve as a new building block in nanoscale optical integrated circuits and to control spontaneous emission as experimentally demonstrated by the strongly enhanced radiative optical density of states over the entire n = 0 structure. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.013902