Critical review on secondary zinc resources and their recycling technologies

Kaya M., Hussaini S., KURŞUNOĞLU S.

HYDROMETALLURGY, vol.195, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier


In a race to save the earth of its rapidly depleting natural resources, the use of Secondary Raw Materials (SMRs) as alternative replacements in several processes is currently intensively pursued. The valorization of SMRs is consistent with the sustainable circular economy, where resource efficiency is maximized for the benefit of both the economy and green environment. In line with this mandate, this article focuses on investigating recent studies on secondary zinc (Zn) resources and describing state-of-art Zn recycling technologies. Globally, some of the main Zn-containing secondary raw materials are mine/concentrator/smelter tailings, wastes, slags, scraps, dust, etc.