A distinctive determination of circular nozzles in downcomer for column flotation

Vapur H., Top S., Altiner M.

Particulate Science and Technology, vol.41, no.7, pp.1015-1022, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/02726351.2023.2164878
  • Journal Name: Particulate Science and Technology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, EMBASE, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1015-1022
  • Keywords: Coking coal tailings, Jameson cell, downcomer, circular nozzle, carrying capacity
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: No


This study aims to recover clean coal from valuable hard coal tailings (HCT), which have been used as solid fuels in a thermal power plant, through convenient conditions. The effective diameters of circular nozzles on the recovery of HCT were investigated by using the Jameson cell (JC) as the main purpose. Preliminary tests were conducted to determine the type and dosages of the collector and frother. The JC test results were evaluated by Yates and Box Behnken based on ANOVA analysis, statistically. It was observed that 3,000 g/ton of diesel oil, 300 g/ton of MIBC, 100 g/ton of Na2SiO3, and 60 cm of downcomer depth were found applicable levels of parameters. The decrease of the diameter increased the venturi effect of downcomer which provided the best recovery ratio of 97.79%. Besides, the results of kinetic models were obtained with desired efficiencies (CR∞ = 94.77%, k coal = 1.20, R 2 = 0.98 and SI = 2.40). The best diameter was 5 cm supplied a short time and high carrying capacity (CC) for concentrate.