CdSe/CdSe1-xTex Core/Crown Heteronanoplatelets: Tuning the Excitonic Properties without Changing the Thickness


Kelestemur Y., Guzelturk B., Erdem O., Olutas M., ERDEM T. , Usanmaz C. F. , ...More

JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, vol.121, no.8, pp.4650-4658, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 121 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b11809
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C
  • Page Numbers: pp.4650-4658

Abstract

Here we designed and synthesized CdSe/CdSe1-xTex core/crown nanoplatelets (NPLs) with controlled crown compositions by using the core-seeded-growth approach. We confirmed the uniform growth of the crown regions with well-defined shape and compositions by employing transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. By precisely tuning the composition of the CdSe1-xTex crown region from pure CdTe (x = 1.00) to almost pure CdSe doped with several Te atoms (x = 0.02), we achieved tunable excitonic properties without changing the thickness of the NPLs and demonstrated the evolution of type-II electronic structure. Upon increasing the Te concentration in the crown region, we obtained continuously tunable photoluminescence peaks within the range of similar to 570 nm (for CdSe1-xTex crown with x = 0.02) and similar to 660 nm (for CdSe1-xTex crown with x = 1.00). Furthermore, with the formation of the CdSe1-xTex crown region, we observed substantially improved photoluminescence quantum yields (up to similar to 95%) owing to the suppression of nonradiative hole trap sites. Also, we found significantly increased fluorescence lifetimes from similar to 49 up to similar to 326 ns with increasing Te content in the crown, suggesting the transition from quasi-type-II to type-II electronic structure. With their tunable excitonic properties, this novel material presented here will find ubiquitous use in various efficient light-emitting and-harvesting applications.