Investigations on Fracture Evolution of Coal Measure Sandstones from Mineralogical and Textural Points of View


INDIAN GEOTECHNICAL JOURNAL, 2020 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


The purpose of the present study is to investigate the variations in fracture evolution of sandstones arising from mineralogical and textural features. For this purpose, eight types of coal measure sandstones located in the Zonguldak Hardcoal Basin (ZHB) were considered. The mineralogical and textural characterizations of the rocks were carried out. Physico-mechanical properties were determined for each rock type. Based on quantitative strain-based methods, the crack initiation (sigma(ci)) and crack damage (sigma(cd)) thresholds of the sandstones were determined. The laboratory test results indicate that the sigma(ci)and sigma(cd)of the sandstones were found to be between 0.27-0.43 and 0.61-0.83 of the UCS, respectively. In general, the sigma(ci)and sigma(cd)correspond to 0.37 and 0.71 of the UCS, respectively. The sigma(ci)and sigma(cd)decrease with increasing the sorting coefficient (S-c), average grain size (d(50), mm), contents of feldspar (F, %), and lithic fragment (LF, %). On the other hand, increasing quartz content (Qtz, %) increases those variables. Remarkable changes were obtained in the sigma(ci)and sigma(cd)when effective porosity (n(e)) and pulse wave velocity (V-p) of the rocks exceed 3% and 3.00 km/s, respectively. As a result of mineralogical analyses and laboratory studies, statistical analyses were carried out. Accordingly, the sigma(ci)and sigma(cd)could be estimated reliably using several empirical relationships established in the present study. In order to represent the importance and utilization of rock mineralogy and texture for underground mining applications in the ZHB, several suggestions and considerations related to aV-cut gallery blasting operation were introduced.