Stress Regulation via Being in Nature and Social Support in Adults, a Meta-analysis

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Sparacio A., Ropovik I., Jiga-Boy G., LAĞAP A. C., Ijzerman H.

Collabra: Psychology, vol.9, no.1, 2023 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1525/collabra.77343
  • Journal Name: Collabra: Psychology
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Psycinfo, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: being in nature, meta-analysis, Registered Report, social support, Stress regulation
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


In this meta-analysis, the authors investigated whether being in nature and emotional social support are reliable strategies to downregulate stress. We retrieved all the relevant articles that investigated a connection between one of these two strategies and stress. For being in nature we found 54 effects reported in 16 papers (total N = 1,697, MdnN= 52.5), while for emotional social support we found 18 effects reported in 13 papers (total N = 3,787, MdnN= 186). Although we initially found an effect for being in nature and emotional social support on stress (Hedges' g = -.42; Hedges' g = -.14, respectively), the effect only held for being in nature after applying our main publication bias correction technique (Hedges' g = -.60). The emotional social support literature also had a high risk of bias. Although the being-in-nature literature was moderately powered (.72) to detect effects of Cohen's d = .50 or larger, the risk of bias was considerable, and the reporting contained numerous statistical reporting errors.