INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, cilt.39, ss.19119-19131, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
One of the most common problems in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is the delamination and thus the degradation of electrode/electrolyte interface which occurs in the consequences of the stresses generated within the different layers of the cell. Nowadays, the modeling of this problem under certain conditions is one of the main issues for the researchers. The structural and thermo-physical properties of the cell materials (i.e. porosity, density, Young's modulus etc.) are usually assumed to be homogenous in the mathematical modeling of solid oxide fuel cells at macro-scale. However, during the real operation, the stresses created in the multiphase porous layers might be very different than those at macro-scale. Therefore, micro-level modeling is required for an accurate estimation of the real stresses and the performance of SOFCs. This study presents a microstructural characterization and a finite element analysis of the delamination and the degradation of porous solid oxide fuel cell anode and electrode/electrolyte interface under various operating temperatures, compressing forces and material compositions by using the synthetically generated microstructures. A multi physics computational package (COMSOL) is employed to calculate the Von Misses stresses in the anode microstructures. The maximum thermal stress in the electrode/electrolyte interface and three phase boundaries is found to exceed the yield strength at 900 degrees C while 800 degrees C is estimated as a critical temperature for the delamination and micro cracks due to thermal stress generated. The thermal stress decreases in the grain boundaries with increasing content of one of the phases (either Ni or YSZ) and the porosity of the electrode. A clamping load higher than 5 kg cm(-2) is also found to exceed the shear stress limit. Copyright (C) 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.