Free-space to single-mode collection efficiency enhancement using photonic lanterns

ÖZDÜR İ. T., Toliver P., Agarwal A., Woodward T.

OPTICS LETTERS, vol.38, no.18, pp.3554-3557, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 18
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1364/ol.38.003554
  • Journal Name: OPTICS LETTERS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3554-3557
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: No


We demonstrate single-mode collection efficiency enhancement for free space optical systems using a photonic lantern to collect scattered infrared light from diffuse objects at far-and near-field distances. A single-mode collection efficiency improvement of similar to 8 dB is demonstrated in the near-field region relative to standard single-mode fiber. The insertion loss properties of the photonic lantern are also analyzed, and an additional insertion loss penalty is observed for near-field distances when the transmitted beam is collimated. The photonic lantern can be used for coherent detection systems such as light detection and ranging and free-space optical communication with improved collection efficiency and nearly perfect mode matching. (C) 2013 Optical Society of America