ASSESSMENT OF LOS ANGELES ABRASION VALUE (LAAV) AND MAGNESIUM SULPHATE SOUNDNESS (Mwl) OF ROCK AGGREGATES USING GENE EXPRESSION PROGRAMMING AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS


KÖKEN E.

ARCHIVES OF MINING SCIENCES, vol.67, no.3, pp.401-422, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 67 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.24425/ams.2022.142407
  • Journal Name: ARCHIVES OF MINING SCIENCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Applied Science & Technology Source
  • Page Numbers: pp.401-422
  • Keywords: Rock aggregate, Aggregate properties, Los Angeles abrasion loss, Magnesium sulphate soundness, Gene expression programming, Artificial neural network, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, RESISTANCE, STRENGTH, COMPLEX, INDEX, TESTS
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

It has been acknowledged that two important rock aggregate properties are the Los Angeles abrasion value (LAAV) and magnesium sulphate soundness (Mwl). However, the determination of these properties is relatively challenging due to special sampling requirements and tedious testing procedures. In this stu-dy, detailed laboratory studies were carried out to predict the LAAV and Mwl for 25 different rock types located in NW Turkey. For this purpose, mineralogical, physical, mechanical, and aggregate properties were determined for each rock type. Strong predictive models were established based on gene expression programming (GEP) and artificial neural network (ANN) methodologies. The performance of the proposed models was evaluated using several statistical indicators, and the statistical analysis results demonstra-ted that the ANN-based proposed models with the correlation of determination (R2) value greater than 0.98 outperformed the other predictive models established in this study. Hence, the ANN-based predictive models can reliably be used to predict the LAAV and Mwl for the investigated rock types. In addition, the suitability of the investigated rock types for use in bituminous paving mixtures was also evaluated based on the ASTM D692/D692M standard. Accordingly, most of the investigated rock types can be used in bituminous paving mixtures. In conclusion, it can be claimed that the proposed predictive models with their explicit mathematical formulations are believed to save time and provide practical knowledge for evaluating the suitability of the rock aggregates in pavement engineering design studies in NW Turkey.