Analyzing the determinants of renewable energy: The moderating role of technology and macroeconomic uncertainty

Chishti M. Z., Dogan E.

ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0958305x221137567
  • Journal Name: ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Renewable energy consumption, information communication technology, macroeconomic uncertainty, econometrics, ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE, ECONOMIC-GROWTH NEXUS, ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, POLICY UNCERTAINTY, CO2 EMISSIONS, ICT, EU, INVESTMENT, DEPENDENCE, PRICES
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


In line with the importance of SDG-7, a number of studies have endeavored to divulge the changes in renewable energy consumption (REC); however, the literature fails to either understand the importance of technology i.e., information communication technologies (ICT) and macroeconomic uncertainty in this context or employ robust econometric techniques. This research paper extends the prior literature by focusing on technology and macroeconomic uncertainty as novel determinants in addition to natural resources, human development, globalization, and economic growth as control variables of renewable energy for the top 10 renewable energy-consuming countries by applying several second and third generation econometric tests on annual data from 1990 to 2017. The empirical estimations determine ICT as a crucial factor of renewable energy, suggesting that it significantly triggers REC in the top economies. Conversely, the detrimental effects of uncertainty tend to shrink REC. Furthermore, natural resources, human development, globalization, and economic growth significantly boost REC as consistent with the existing literature. Based on these findings, this study suggests several SGD-oriented policies.