Theoretical Framework of the PhD Dissertation of Parametric Approach on Spatial and Social Analysis of Housing: A Bourdieusian Reading

Muş Özmen N.

2023 SAHANZ PhD Colloquium, Perth, Australia, 02 November 2023

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Unpublished
  • City: Perth
  • Country: Australia
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


Human and society cannot be considered independently of culture. Culture defines the way we behave, and live. It is inevitable to see the effect of our culture on our living spaces. As the primary living space, house reflects our way of living. How we use the house, how we furnish it, how we socialize in it, and even whether we take off our shoes when entering depends on our culture.

The objective of this study is to understand the bond between housing and social structures and to find the cultural elements that reveal housing architecture. This study focuses on how people reflect their culture to their living space, whether the culture identifies the space, how habitus influences the spatial structure. It is planned to reveal the relationship between habitus of the user and his/her living space. Since the natives of Kayseri has strong culture, they are the target group of this research. Based on the hypothesis that habitus affects our whole way of thinking and life, so that it has a direct effect on the housing culture, the study aims to explore whether there is a housing culture of the natives, and if there is, what are the characteristics of it. 

What is the relationship between habitus of natives of Kayseri and their housing culture and how they organize and represent their living space according to their habitus, which has social, economic, and political dimensions? This study, which seeks answer to this research question, is based on Bourdieu's concept of habitus and it is concerned on the consumption preferences of the natives of Kayseri to understanding their housing culture.

This interdisciplinary study uses different approaches and methods of architecture and sociology and combine them to understand, explain and analyse hosing culture from a holistic perspective. The study has two major aims: first, to highlight the spatial aspects of the morphology of the houses and determine how far there is any relationship between the spatial configuration and its variations and render explicit the “genotypic” properties. Secondly, to offer some theoretical interpretations of the social implications of “genotypic” properties in the light of the available data. If the spatial form of the house and the way it is used is in some sense a product of the society, then it ought to be possible to detect the evidence of this relationship in the house. Finally, the study intends to create a parametric ruleset to define the characteristics of housing structures for people from different habitus. Based on the cultural factors and habitus, this ruleset aims to provide information for future designs that will generate solutions on the needs. 

With the help of both qualitative and quantitative data, mixed methodology is used to achieve this research. Different techniques (in-depth interviews, photography, sketches etc.) will help the study to explore lifestyles, to understand how culture affects lifestyles and tastes, how habitus effects our choices.