Addressing the fuel distribution and endothermic cooling by the internal reforming, we have measured longitudinal current/temperature variations by "Electrode-segmentation" in a microtubular solid oxide fuel cell operated with syngas (50% pre-reformed methane) and equivalent H-2/N-2 (100% conversion of syngas to H-2) at three different flow rates. Regardless of the syngas flow rates, currents and temperatures show irregular fluctuations with varying amplitudes from upstream to downstream segment. Analysis of the fluctuations suggests that the methane steam reforming reaction is highly affected by the H-2 partial pressure. Current-voltage curves plotted for the syngas and equivalent H-2/N-2 flow rates reveal that the fuel depletion is enhanced toward the downstream during the syngas operation, resulting in a larger performance degradation. All the segments exhibit temperature drops with the syngas flow compared with the equivalent H-2/N-2 flow due to the endothermic cooling by the methane steam reforming reaction. Despite the drops, the segment temperatures remain above the furnace temperature; besides, the maximum temperature difference along the cell diminishes. The MSR reaction rate does not consistently increase with the decreasing gas inlet velocity (increasing residence time on the catalyst); which we ascribe to the dominating impact of the local temperatures. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.