Other, pp.1-11, 2016
The private sector, comprised of transnational corporations (TNCs) and smaller-sized domestic firms, has become an important partner for governments, non-governmental organizations, and intergovernmental (international) organizations in the process of economic, social, and human development in conflict or post-conflict areas. By creating multi-stakeholder initiatives (MSIs) and multisectoral partnerships, an attempt has been developed by non-state actors, such as non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the private sector, to construct a collective way of finding solutions for various problems. The expansion of the strategic alliances between these actors paves the way for creating a collaboration that can facilitate better transmission of information, knowledge, and experience and enhance the allocation of resources. This kind of a strategic alliance will not only be advantageous for both parties in their efforts to fulfill their own action plans, but also create a new way of thinking and acting as a result of integrating the social, political, and economic life of the globalized and more complex world by combining diverse types of powers. Moreover, this new way of relations will help domestic and international companies act together to support norms with respect to transparency, participation, and accountability of “collective governance.”
The conflict in Syria has resulted in devastating consequences-250,000 Syrian people dead, seven point six million displaced, and four point five million migrating into neighboring countries- as well as negative social and economic effects for many other countries in the region. The Syrian refugee crises can be a significant case to comprehend the need for "collaborative partnerships" and reveals the importance of cross-sector partnerships as an alternative to the traditional belief that the governments are the only problem solvers in conflict and post-conflict areas. The number and the quality of these partnerships and projects should be increased to support social, economic, and cultural integration, rehabilitation, and relief of the Syrian refugees and migrants.
Keywords: Multi-stakeholder initiatives, multisectoral partnerships, transnational corporations, civil society organizations, collective governance, Syrian refugee crisis, Syrian refugees and migrants.