The isolation of tetrangomycin from terrestrial Streptomyces sp CAH29: evaluation of antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-MRSA activity


Ozakin S., Davis R. W. , Umile T. P. , Pirinccioglu N., Kizil M., Celik G., ...More

MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, vol.25, no.12, pp.2872-2881, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00044-016-1708-6
  • Title of Journal : MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.2872-2881

Abstract

A rhizosphere isolate Streptomyces sp. CAH29 was found to possess potent antibacterial and antifungal activity against a variety of test organisms. Based on 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid sequence homology studies, this strain was found to be similar to Streptomyces stramineus (gene sequence similarity 99 %). The major bioactive metabolite produced by Streptomyces sp. CAH29 isolate was extracted, purified andidentified by nuclear magnetic resonance as tetrangomycin. This known anthraquinone-exhibited antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans with inhibition zones of 14, 10, 12 and 8 mm, respectively. Docking results demonstrate that tetrangomycin has a similar mode of action and a comparable docking score to bind to the dehydrosqualene synthase (CrtM) enzyme of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus compared to the current inhibitor. Hence, this suggests that tetrangomycin has a potential to be used as an anti-methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus agent. Tetrangomycin also showed moderate free radical scavenging activity with 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazil. Tetrangomycin apparently decreased all of the studied cytokine (pro-inflammatory: interleukin 1B, interleukin 2, tumor necrosis factor and interleukin L6 and anti-inflammatory: interleukin 10) expression levels at IC50 concentrations in A459 (adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial) and LNCAP (human prostate adenocarcinoma) cell lines. In addition, it reduced Caspase 8 and 3 mRNA levels in LNCAP and A549 cells. This study describes for the first time novel in vitro immunosuppressive function of tetrangomycin by reducing the transcription of cytokine genes.