Efficient disaster waste management: identifying suitable temporary sites using an emission-aware approach after the Kahramanmaraş earthquakes

Demir A., Dinçer A. E.

International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol.20, no.12, pp.13143-13158, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13762-023-05123-0
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, Geobase, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.13143-13158
  • Keywords: Analytical hierarchy process, Disaster waste management, Environmental impact of natural disasters, Kahramanmaraş Earthquake, Technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution, Temporary disaster site selection
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


The clean and sustainable disposal of waste generated by natural disasters is crucial for effective disaster waste management. The initial stages of waste management involve determining the quantity of waste and identifying suitable temporary sites for its disposal. This study estimates that the Kahramanmaraş province produced approximately 15 million tons of construction and demolition waste and 41,000 tons of household waste following the recent Kahramanmaraş Earthquakes on February 6, 2023. Additionally, the study proposes eight temporary disaster waste sites considering various environmental and technical criteria. It should be noted that this is the first study to factor in emissions from waste transportation when selecting temporary disaster waste sites. An algorithm that considers the transportation network to calculate emissions for each map pixel is developed and integrated with geographic information system to identify the best temporary disaster sites. The results show that the most suitable location for temporary sites is southeast of the city center. The transportation time of the waste to the most suitable temporary site is found to be 98 days when 1000 trucks are in operation. The estimated emissions due to the transportation of the waste to the recycling facilities in this region are approximately 88,000 tons of carbon dioxide, 4.4 tons of sulphur oxide, 7.6 tons of nitrogen oxide, and 47.7 tons of particulate matter. The approach employed in this study can be utilized to identify suitable temporary sites for waste management after any natural disaster.