The mechanical properties of composite materials recycled from waste metallic chips under different pressures

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Aslan A., Salur E., Gunes A., Sahin O. S., Karadag H. B., Akdemir A.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.16, no.9, pp.5259-5266, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13762-019-02317-3
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.5259-5266
  • Keywords: CuSn10 chips, GGG-40 chips, Recycling, Mechanical characterization, Metal matrix composites, MATRIX COMPOSITES, ALUMINUM-ALLOY, DEFORMATION, CARBON
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this study is to produce composite materials by utilizing the waste metallic chips. In this context, the metal matrix composite materials (MMCs) were produced at different production pressures and the effects of the different pressures on mechanical properties of MMCs were investigated. In the present investigation, spheroidal graphite cast iron (GGG-40) was used as reinforcement material in bronze (CuSn10) matrix system. The MMCs were produced by hot press with 20 wt% GGG-40 reinforcement ratio. The total time required for the production of one specimen was selected as 25 min and temperature was settled at 400 degrees C. In order to determine mechanical properties and consolidation mechanism of MMCs, Brinell and micro-Vickers hardness, porosity, compression and X-ray diffraction tests were conducted. In addition, microstructure views were examined to determine the consolidation quality of metallic chips. According to experimental results, it was observed that waste metallic chips can be successfully recycled into MMC final parts with approximately 40% porosity and almost 100% strength and 150% hardness with respect to bulk CuSn10 materials. Most of the presented studies in the literature present information about properties of MMCs fabricated by conventional production methods. However, no available data are found about the recycling of bronze-based MMCs which make this study more original. It is also shown in this study that waste metallic chips can be utilized by proposed recycling methodology, which is environmentally friendly in comparison with conventional recycling methods producing harmful gases for earth atmosphere.