Corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives and organizational green culture (OGC) play a significant role in developing organizations and society. However, the extent to which these activities encourage organizational employees to act socially responsible outside their workplace is yet to be explored. This study uses the Operant conditioning theory to examine the effect of OGC and CSR activities on employees' responsible behaviour towards the society (ERBS) outside their organizations. To collect data, we focused on employees of public and private manufacturing and services firms and analysed it using the structural equation modelling (SEM) technique). It is found that OGC and CSR activities significantly reshape employees' behaviour, and they tend to behave in a socially responsible manner in society. Moreover, the relationship between OGC and ERBS' is partially mediated by CSR. It is also found that female workers tend to behave more socially responsibly than male workers. This study suggests that firms should adopt a green culture and CSR practices since it promotes socially responsible behaviour (a better citizen) among their employee, which is essential for a sustainable society.