Multi-objective turbine allocation on a wind farm site

Dinçer A. E., Demir A., Yılmaz K.

Applied Energy, vol.355, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 355
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2023.122346
  • Journal Name: Applied Energy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Analytical hierarchy process (AHP), Geographic information system (GIS), Multi-objective turbine allocation, Renewable energy, Site selection, Wind farm layout optimization
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


The Multi-Objective Turbine Allocation (MOTA) method is introduced as a novel approach for wind farm layout optimization and site selection. By incorporating Geographic Information System (GIS) tools and the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), the MOTA method offers a comprehensive solution to balance energy production, cost factors, and environmental impacts. In this study, the MOTA method is applied to Gökçeada, Türkiye, for wind farm development. Results show that the MOTA method effectively proposes the optimum wind farm layout by selecting the best site for each turbine. The sequential turbine allocation approach, integration of multiple objectives, and use of GIS tools and AHP are the key capabilities and novelties of the MOTA method. The method allows for flexible investment decisions, considering technical and economic aspects. The outcomes from the Gökçeada case study highlight the effectiveness of the MOTA method in maximizing energy production while considering cost factors and environmental impacts. The results indicate that for the selected objective functions, the optimal net profit is attained with the installation of 155 turbines on Gökçeada. The MOTA method presents a practical and efficient solution for wind farm development, contributing to sustainable and efficient renewable energy generation.