Insights Into Interface Treatments in p-Channel Organic Thin-Film Transistors Based on a Novel Molecular Semiconductor

Liguori R., USTA H., Fusco S., Facchetti A., Licciardo G. D., Di Benedetto L., ...More

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, vol.64, no.5, pp.2338-2344, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/ted.2017.2682928
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2338-2344
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes


Organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) were fabricated using a novel small molecule, C6-NTTN, as the semiconductor layer in several different architectures. The C6-NTTN layer was deposited via both vacuum evaporation at different substrate temperatures and via solution-processing, which yield maximum hole mobilities of 0.16 and 0.05 cm(2)/V . s, respectively. Surface treatments of the substrate, insulator, and metal contacts used for OTFT fabrication employing polymer films and different self-assembled monolayers were investigated. In particular, in bottom-gate devices, the insulator surface hydrophobicity was optimized by the deposition of poly(methyl methacrylate) or hexamethyldisilazane, while in the top-gate geometry, pentafluorobenzenethiol was efficiently used to modify the substrate surface energy and to change the contact work function. Atomic force microscopy analysis was exploited to understand the relationship between the semiconductor thin-film morphology and the device electrical performance. The results shown here indicate an inverse proportionality between the mobility and the interface trap density, with parameters depending especially on semiconductor-insulator interfacial properties, and a correlation between the threshold voltage and the characteristics of the semiconductor-metal interface.