Energy control in a quantum oscillator using coherent control and engineered environment


Pechen A. N., BORISENOK S., Fradkov A. L.

CHAOS SOLITONS & FRACTALS, vol.164, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 164
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.chaos.2022.112687
  • Journal Name: CHAOS SOLITONS & FRACTALS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, INSPEC, zbMATH
  • Keywords: Quantum control, Energy control, Coherent control, Incoherent control, Quantum harmonic oscillator, SAMPLED-DATA CONTROL, LYAPUNOV CONTROL, SYSTEMS, STABILITY, ZENO
  • Abdullah Gül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

We develop and analyze a new method for manipulation of energy in a quantum harmonic oscillator using coherent, e.g., electromagnetic, field and incoherent control. Coherent control is typically implemented by shaped laser pulse or tailored electromagnetic field. Incoherent control is implemented by engineered environment, whose mean number of excitations at the frequency of the oscillator is used as a control variable. An approach to coherent and incoherent controls design based on the speed gradient algorithms in general, finite and differential forms is proposed. It is proved that the differential form is able to completely manipulate the energy of the oscillator: an arbitrary energy can be achieved starting from any initial state of the oscillator. The key instrument which allows for complete energy manipulation in this case is the use of the engineered environment. A robustified speed-gradient control algorithm in differential form is also proposed. It is shown that the proposed robustified control algorithm ensures exponential stability of the closed loop system which is preserved for sampled-data control.