Color Enrichment Solids of Spectrally Pure Colloidal Quantum Wells for Wide Color Span in Displays


ERDEM T. , SORAN ERDEM Z. , Isik F., Shabani F., YAZICI A. F. , MUTLUGÜN E. , ...More

ADVANCED OPTICAL MATERIALS, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/adom.202200161
  • Title of Journal : ADVANCED OPTICAL MATERIALS
  • Keywords: colloidal quantum wells, displays, emission stability, lighting, nanoplatelets, LIGHT-EMITTING-DIODES, CDSE NANOPLATELETS, NANOCRYSTALS, LASERS, DOTS

Abstract

Colloidal quantum wells (CQWs) are excellent candidates for lighting and display applications owing to their narrow emission linewidths (<30 nm). However, realizing their efficient and stable light-emitting solids remains a challenge. To address this problem, stable, efficient solids of CQWs incorporated into crystal matrices are shown. Green-emitting CdSe/CdS core/crown and red-emitting CdSe/CdS core/shell CQWs wrapped into these crystal solids are employed as proof-of-concept demonstrations of light-emitting diode (LED) integration targeting a wide color span in display backlighting. The quantum yield of the green- and red-emitting CQW-containing solids of sucrose reach approximate to 20% and approximate to 55%, respectively, while emission linewidths and peak wavelengths remain almost unaltered. Furthermore, sucrose matrix preserves approximate to 70% and approximate to 45% of the initial emission intensity of the green- and red-emitting CQWs after >60 h, respectively, which is approximate to 4x and approximate to 2x better than the drop-casted CQW films and reference (KCl) host. Color-converting LEDs of these green- and red-emitting CQWs in sucrose possess luminous efficiencies 122 and 189 lm W-elect(-1), respectively. With the liquid crystal display filters, this becomes 39 and 86 lm W-elect(-1), respectively, providing with a color gamut 25% broader than the National Television Standards Committee standard. These results prove that CQW solids enable efficient and stable color converters for display and lighting applications.